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复习资料 >> 学位外语 >> 2015年下吉林省学士学位外语考试复习资料(免费下载)

作者:吉林大学自考网                                                                         来源:www.jdzkw.com

2015年下吉林省学士学位外语考试复习资料(免费下载)

学位外语包过培训班18604448283

完成对话(Dialogue Completion)

完成对话1

Speaker AExcuse me. Can you help me?

Speaker BCertainly What can I do for you?

Speaker AI need to purchase a sweater.

Speaker BWhat is your size?

Speaker AMedium should be fine.

Speaker BIs this one okay?

Speaker A: Can I try it on somewhere?

Speaker B: The fitting room is in the left comer.

完成对话2

Speaker A: Hello, may I speak to Alice please?

Speaker B: This is she. How's it going?

Speaker A: I've been trying to call you all day.

Speaker B: Sorry about that. I was cleaning up.

Speaker A: It's okay.

Speaker B: So what were you calling me about?

Speaker A: Oh, I just wanted to see if you wanted to hang out tomorrow.

Speaker B: Sure, what did you want to do?

Speaker A: Maybe we can go see a movie or something

Speaker B: That sounds like fun. Let's do it.

Speaker A: I'll see you tomorrow then.

Speaker B: See you then. Goodbye.

        

完成对话3

Malia: Hi Ron, please come in!

Ron: Good to see you, Malia. I love your house!

Malia: We are very lucky to be living in this house.

Ron: Have you lived here a long time?

Malia: This was my parents' house. I grew up here.

Ron: It seems to be perfect for you.

Malia: Come on in and see the kitchen, and I'll get us both something to drink.

Ron: Great! It's such a hot day today, isn't it?

Malia: Would you like lemonade, iced tea, or mango juice?

Ron: I would love a nice glass of lemonade.

完成对话4

Speaker A: Are you going to the party on Saturday?

Speaker B: I was thinking about it. Are you?

Speaker A: Yeah, I heard it's going to be a lot of fun.

Speaker B: Really? Well, what time does it start?

Speaker A: It starts at 8:00 pm, and I really think you should go

Speaker B: Well, who all is going to be there? 

Speaker A: Everybody from school.

            

完成对话5

Speaker A: Have you heard my good news?

Speaker B: You haven't told me anything yet.

Speaker A: I got a promotion at work earlier this week

Speaker B: Is that right?

Speaker A: It's the truth. I am really happy.

Speaker B: Congratulations on your promotion.

Speaker A: Thank you very much.

Speaker B: I am really excited for you

Speaker A: Are you really?

Speaker B: I'm serious. You deserved this promotion

Speaker A: Is that what you really think?

Speaker B: Yes, I do.

 

完成对话6

Speaker A: I need your assistance.

Speaker B: What's the problem?

Speaker A: I can't find the place I'm looking for.

Speaker B: What are you looking for?

Speaker A: I am trying to go see a movie.

Speaker B: You don't know where the theater is?

Speaker A: I'm completely lost.

Speaker B: Do you have any idea where the mall is?

Speaker A: Yes, I do.

Speaker B: The mall has its own movie theater. 

Speaker A: I didn't know the mall had a movie theater

Speaker B: It's newly opened.

         

完成对话7

Speaker A: Why weren't you at school yesterday?

Speaker B: I wasn't really feeling well.

Speaker A: What was wrong with you?

Speaker B: My stomach was upset.

Speaker A: Do you feel better now?

Speaker B: I don't really feel too well yet

Speaker A: Do you want anything to make you feel better?

Speaker B: No, thanks. I already took some medicine.

Speaker A: I hope you feel better.

Speaker B: Thank you.

完成对话8

Speaker A: Have you met the new girl?

Speaker B: No. Have you?

Speaker A: She's one of the prettiest girls at the school

Speaker B: What does she look like?

Speaker A: Well, she's quite short.

Speaker B: How tall would you say that she is?

Speaker A: I would say she's only five feet.

Speaker B: What about her facial features?

Speaker A: She has light brown eyes, absolutely beautiful

Speaker B: I think I know who you're talking about.

Speaker A: Have you seen her?

Speaker B: I think that I have.   

完成对话9

Joe: Oh Ashley, your dinner looks delicious!

Ashley: I appreciate the compliment, Joe. What would you prefer with your meal-wine, mango juice, or water?

Joe: Mango juice would be a good choice for me.

Ashley: Julie can pour your drink for you. Can I offer you some chicken?

Joe: Yes, that chicken looks yummy.

Ashley: Would you like some salad to go with your chicken?

Joe: Yes, I would enjoy having some salad.

Ashley: I have also prepared rice. Are you ready for some rice?

Joe:  Yes, chicken and rice are a favorite of mine.

Ashley: Good! Julie, could you pass this plate to Joe so we can get started?

完成对话10

Manager: When are you goanna take your vacation?
Woman: I was planning to take it at the end of this month. My husband and I haven’t had a chance to have a vacation over the past three years. So we are planning to travel to Europe this time. Why? Has something come up?
Manager: Well, would it be too inconvenient for you to wait until next month?
Woman: Hm. . . not really. I guess I can put it off until next month. But I’ve got to talk about it with my husband.
Manager: Thank you very much.  I really appreciate your being so flexible.

完成对话11

Gary: Hi, Mike, we’re having a party

tonight, wanna come join us? You can

bring your girlfriend.

Mike: Well. . . I’m breaking up with

Cathy.

Gary: What happened? Did you have a fight?
Mike: No. She’s really a very nice girl. ..
Gary: Yeah, she is. She’s pretty, caring, and easy-going. And she’s a great cook!
Mike: Well, you’re right. But sometimes she’s too caring… well…no…she’s just possessive…       and… uh…I kind of want a break. .. you know.., for some room for myself.
Gary: Oh?!
Did you talk with her about it?
Mike:
I’ve tried, but. . . it didn’t work.
Gary: Oh. So, when are you going to tell her?
Mike: Maybe tonight. I don’t know. I don’t know how to tell her.

完成对话12

Blanca: Hello. I’m calling about the apartment you advertised.
Manager: Yes. What kind of apartment are you interested in?
Blanca:
I’m interested in a one-bedroom apartment. Do you have any available?
Manager:
Yes. I have one. When do you need it?
Blanca:
Sometime around next week. What can you tell me about this apartment?
Manager: Well, its a one-bedroom apartment The monthly rent is $650, with a $300 security deposit. You pay electricity only. Gas and water is included. Both the heat and stove are gas. You’ll be assigned a sheltered parking space at no extra charge.
And.. . that’s probably it.
Blanca
: Sounds good. May I come over tomorrow to take a look?
Manager: Sure.

完成对话13

Mark:There is a sailor there. I’m going to ask that sailor if he knows where I can find a boat to  Mosquito City.
Mark: Excuse me!
Sailor: Yeah. What can I do for you, buddy?
Mark: I am going to. . .  I want to go to Mosquito City.
Sailor: Mosquito City. Oh! Wow! Well, it’s a great place, Mosquito City, buddy!
Mark: Ok, so I want to go there. Can I go there on your boat?
Sailor: No, but if you walk about a mile to your left, you will come across a big banana boat.
Mark: A banana boat?. . . that direction?
Sailor: Yeah, just ask for John. He is a friend of mine. Ok? He will take you there.
Mark: Ok. Ok. Good on you.

完成对话14

Luthy:Hey, did you hear about a car crash on a street close to where I’m living at?
Justine: No, that’s shocking.
Luthy : It’s been the first traffic accident in a while around my area.
Justine: Oh wow. That’s sad.
Luthy: I’ve been told that the cars were much damaged.
Justine : I hope the people involved are okay.
Luthy : Yeah, people just reported that no one was seriously injured.
Justine: Oh, what a relief.

完成对话15

Mary:We’ve been married 8 years in August.
Joan: Wow, that’s a long time! Do you regret it?  
Mary: Not in the least!
Joan: Why?
Mary: Because we are happy.
Joan: That is the most important thing. How have you stayed so happy?
Mary: We spend time together.
Joan: Anything else?
Mary: We talk to each other.
Joan: Every day?
Mary: Yes, every day! It’s important too!
Joan: Do you wish to change anything?
Mary: I wish we had got married sooner!
Joan: Why do you say that?
Mary: So I could have spent more time with him!

完成对话16

Woman: Hey, how are you doing?
Man: A lot better. Thanks for coming to visit me.
Woman: No problem. I brought you some flowers, and a get-well card.
Man: Wow, thanks. How is everyone else?
Woman: They’re doing fine. You’re the only one left in the hospital.
Man: Oh okay. I should be getting out soon.
Woman: So, what’s it like staying in a hospital?
Man: It’s not too bad. They have a library.
Woman: That’s cool, do you go there a lot?
Man: Not really. It’s on the other side of the hospital.
Woman: Oh, okay. Well, I have to go, but I’ll come back tomorrow. See you then!
Man: Bye!

 

完成对话17

Mr. Johnson: Mr. Smith, I was wondering what my schedule would be if I got the job?

Mr. Smith: That’s a good question. You would work from Nine until Five, Monday through Friday. Does that work for you?
Mr. Johnson: Yes. That works very well for me.
Mr. Smith: Do you have any other questions?
Mr. Johnson: No, I believe that is all.
Mr. Smith: OK Mr. Johnson. It was a pleasure to meet you and we will let you know if you got the job by Thursday.
Mr. Johnson: Thank you for your time.
Mr. Smith: You’re welcome. Have a good day.

完成对话18

David: Hey. What are you doing this

weekend?

Frank: I don’t have any plans. Why?

David: I am going to my uncle’s

cottage in the countryside.

Frank: That sounds like fun. Who else

is going?

David: My brother and his

girlfriend are coming. Many other

people are invited, too.

Frank: What will we do?
David: We will cook dinner on the grill, play games, and enjoy the scenery. It is very beautiful. The air is very fresh and at night you can see the stars very well. And we will roast marshmallows.
Frank: I love marshmallows!
David: So you will come then?
Frank: Yes. I will come.
David: Great!
Frank: Thank you for inviting me.
David: You are welcome.

完成对话19

Woman: I am having trouble with my

job.

Man: What is the problem?

Woman: I have been assigned to work

with five other people on a project, but

no one seems to be working together

on it.

Man: So your group is having a problem with teamwork.
Woman: Yes, and I don’t know what to do about it.
Man:
Is there anyone that is in charge of the team?
Woman: No, everyone is just doing their own separate work on it.
Man: If your group does not have a leader, then you should step up and be one.
Woman: How do I do that?
Man: You should call everyone together for a meeting. Let them know that this project is important, and so is working as a team to get it done.
Woman: Then we can go over what is done and split up what is left.
Man: Exactly.

完成对话20

Julie: Joanna’s dress looks funny.

Daniel: I wouldn’t say that. It looks

fine to me.

Julie: Are you kidding? She’s behind the times. That style went out last year.
Daniel: Oh, come on, as long as it looks good on her.
Julie: Wow, you’re really as out-dated as she is.
Daniel: You’re darn right. I’m out of style. So what? What’s the point of keeping yourself in style?
Julie: No wonder you never buy me a new dress.

完成对话21

Susan: Wow, I love relaxing after a

long day of work.

Bob: Me too! How do you like to relax?
Susan: I like to practice yoga.
Bob: You do yoga? That’s cool! Do you know a lot of different moves?
Susan: Yeah, they feel really good, mentally and physically. It’s a great way to escape from stress.
Bob: Doing physical exercises like yoga really relaxes the mind, too.
Susan: It does. The mind and body are connected in everything. When I feel good physically, I tend to be in a better mood.

完成对话22

Frank: I’m glad that our company is starting to be more eco-friendly.
David:
Me too.
Frank:
We have started to recycle plastic bottles and aluminum cans.
David: My family has started to bring our own bag to the grocery store instead of using plastic bags.
Frank: That is a great way to consume less.
David: What else are people you know doing to “go green”?
Frank: One of my co-workers has a car that runs on natural gas.
David: Oh. I heard that is a lot less expensive, so he saves a lot of money?
Frank: He does. Our company just funded a project to build two windmills.
David:
Really?
Frank:
Yes. And my uncle put a big solar panel on the roof of his house.
David: That is an interesting idea.
Frank: It is hardly noticeable and it saves him money on the electric bill.


完成对话23

Bert: What kind of hobbies do you

have?

Andrew: Well, I like building model trains and cars.
Bert:
Those look like a lot of work.
Andrew:
Yeah, they are, but they look really cool after you’re done.
Bert: They do! What else do you do in your free time?
Andrew:
I like to swim and play piano.
Bert:
Oh, really? I play an instrument, too.
Andrew: What instrument do you play?

Bert: I play guitar, and I like to sing.
Andrew: We should play some music together some time!
Bert: Sounds good!

完成对话24

Charles: You say that e-commerce will help me to reach more customers. How do I start?
Edward: The first thing you should do is set up a website for your business. Then you can list your products on it. When someone goes online and searches for your products, they will see your website in a list of choices.
Charles:
And what happens if they choose to look at my website?    
Edward:
They will see what you are selling and if they like something, they will buy it online.
Charles: This is wonderful! I can use e-commerce to reach customers that are not in my town.
Edward: Exactly, and the more customers you can reach, the better your business will do.

阅读理解(Reading Comprehension

阅读理解Passage 1
    The following is an African folktale:
    Long ago the sky was close to the Earth……They always tried to remember not to waste the gifts of nature.
1. The sky in the folktale used to be the source of food .
2. How did the sky show that it was angry? It turned dark.
3. What did Adami do with the pieces he couldn’t finish? He hid them under some garbage.

4. After the sky went away, people had to do farming and hunting.
5. What lesson does the folktale want us to learn? Do not waste any gift of nature.

阅读理解Passage 2
   
Each year over 600 million people travel international1y…… with them which breeds not contempt ( 蔑视) but kindness.
1. By
the world’s number one employer(Para. 1), the author means that the tourist industry hires the greatest number of workers.
2. According to the passage, tourists may contribute to world peace .
3. The tourist industry in the West began to develop in the 19th century because people lived a better life than before. 
4. Large hotels were built near railway terminals and shipping ports to accommodate an increasing number of tourists.
5. According to Will Jam Gladstone, holiday package tours can help remove misunderstandings between countries.

阅读理解Passage 3

There’s a professor at the University

of Toronto in Canada who has come up with a term to ……into hermits(隐居者)who …...all with just the click of a computer mouse!
1. The Pew study was conducted in the United States.
2. In this passage, the network refers to a lot of connected people.
3. Before the invention of the Internet, our connections with people took place mainly in person.
4. Which of the following has happened since the invention of the Internet? Much personal interaction has given way to computer interaction.
5. According to the Pew study, the role played by the Internet in human interaction is positive.

阅读理解Passage 4
    Cold weather has a great effect on how our minds and our bodies work.….. brutal(
残忍的) things to ……that he was left out in the cold, and it is not a pleasant place to be in.

1. The focus of the passage is the meanings of expressions with "cold".

2. A cold-blooded killer may take the life of another person for no reason.

3.If a person "gets cold feet"he or she may feel a little frightened.

4. A cold fish is a person who is indifferent to others' sufferings.

5. Which of the following expressions may mean "unlucky"? Out in the cold.

阅读理解Passage 5
    Plastic bags are fast choking our planet……a sustainable(
可持续的) alternative …… and fashionable eco-friendly bags, please visit http ://www. kariwala. com.
1. The phrase
to come up with’ Para. I) meansto produce.
2. Cotton bags are becoming popular because they are eco-friendly and fashionable.
3. Kariwala is probably a manufacturer of bags.

4. By
revolution(Para. 5) , the author probably refers to the widespread use of eco-friendly bags.
5. The primary purpose of the author is to promote Kariwala cotton bags.

阅读理解Passage 6
    A review of more than 160 studies of human subjects has found
clear and compelling ……Catholic nuns (天主教修女) from……of getting disease or dying young.
1. The word
compelling (Para. 1) meansconvincing
.
2. According to Paragraph 2, Ed Diener reviewed other researchers’ studies .
3. According to the studies on university students and Catholic nuns, who are more likely to live
longer? Optimistic people.
4. What is NOT mentioned as relevant to a shorter life? Constant lack of sleep.
5. By saying that
Happiness is no magic bullet (Para. 7) , Diener means that happiness is not a guarantee of health and long life.

阅读理解Passage 7
   Book clubs are a great way to meet new friends or keep in touch with old ones……the experience can be extremely rewarding for everyone involved.
1. When starting a book club, a person should first decide on the focus and size of the club.
2. According to Paragraph 2, the
focusof a book club refers to book types.
3. Which of the following would NOT be covered at the kick-off meeting? Planning the club’s yearly budget.
4. Which of the following can be learned from the passage? A book club involves more than intellectual activities.
5. The best title for this passage would be Starting a Successful Book Club: A Guide.

阅读理解Passage 8
    It is becoming more and more difficult to be sure that the food we eat is not actually……Pesticides(
杀虫剂
)……what is safe to eat?
1. What is people’s main concern about GM foods? They might have some dangers we don’t know yet.
2. What does the author mean by
the jury is still out on the matter
(Para. 2)? The matter is still uncertain.
3. Concerning organic food, the author tries to tell readers that profit-making is behind the drive to produce more organic food.
4. It can be inferred from the last two paragraphs that food additives may be more harmful to children.
5. Which of the following best describes the author’s attitude towards the food we eat? Anxious.

阅读理解Passage9

In the old days it was not unusual to find several generations living together in one home. Usually, everyone ……time on he took care of his father’s needs and visited him frequently every day.

1. By “several generations” (Para. 1) the author refers to children, parents, and grandparents.

2. What happened when the grandfather lived together with his son’s family? His daughter-in-law didn’t like him.

3. The boy wanted to have the rug cut in half so as to keep the other half for his father.

4. From the rug incident, the man learns that respecting one’s elders can be rewarding.

5. What probably happened to the rug? It- re, mained as a whole.

阅读理解Passage 10

Just as Mrs. Waldman hands out the spelling test, you see Jeff pull out a small …… Even when there seems to be a “good reason” for cheating, cheating isn’t a good idea.

1. Why did Jeff look at the teacher from time to time while taking the test? He was afraid that the teacher might find out what he was doing.
2. According to the author, cheating can take on various forms and happen anywhere.

3. What can’t cheating help to do? To really get the knowledge.
4. Which of the following statements is closest in meaning to “cheaters have it all figured out”
(Para.5)? Cheaters make a plan in advance.

5. The main purpose of the passage is to persuade students to quit cheating.

阅读理解Passage 11

One of my favorite posters says, “Life is a test. It is only a test. Had this been a real life you would have been instructed where…...my biggest personal frustrations. It has become far more acceptable to me to take things as they are.

1. The author suggests that people see life as a test.
2. If you see the many challenges in your life as a battle you must win, you will probably feel greater pressure.
3. Paragraph 3 in the passage offers a suggestion for handling problems in life.
4. As is mentioned in Paragraph 4, “your changed responses” may probably result in a new outlook on your problems.

5. The author has realized that his problem was struggling with his issues too much.

阅读理解Passage 12

Psychologists tell us that there are four basic stages that human beings pass through when they enter and live in a new ……while you have been away. Now you feel a little uncomfortable back home.

1. When does culture shock happen? When you first come into contact with a new culture.

2. How do you feel during the first stage of culture shock? Happy and excited. 

3. People in the second stage of culture shock may probably choose to spend all their time with people from their homeland.

4. How do you feel during the fourth stage of culture shock? Relaxed.

5. Why might reverse culture shock be a problem? Most people do not expect it.

阅读理解Passage 13
   
A young man was getting ready to graduate from college. For many months he had admired a beautiful ……a car key dropped from the back of the Bible. On the tag was the date of his graduation, and the words PAID IN FULL.
1. Which can be considered as the best title for this passage?
A Missed Gift
2. On the Graduation Day, what did the father give his son as a gift? A Bible and a sports car.
3. Before his father’s death, the young man didn’t understand his father.
4. Which of the following statements is true? The young man made fortunes by himself after graduation.
5. It can be inferred from the passage that people should be grateful for what they are given sincerely.

阅读理解Passage 14

    Instead of retiring to Florida (佛罗里达) , seniors are increasingly choosing to spend their golden years back in the classroom….. These are luxuries for me, Eisenberg says. It’s a pretty good deal.
1. College towns arc a great attraction to seniors mainly because they provide many learning opportunities.
2. The number of college town-based retirement centers is expected to rise to over 80. 
3. At The Highlands, Richard Eisenberg lives an easy and carefree life.
4. Which of the following statements is true? The University of Rochester offers courses to retirees.
5. Richard Eisenberg thinks that his decision to live in The Highlands is a good one.

阅读理解Passage15
   
Most people think women are more affected when a relationship hits a rocky patch. According to a new study on over 1,000 break-ups, it is the Opposite……downs of a relationship and be more emotionally aware.
1. What is the main idea of the passage? Men are more hurt in broken relationships.
2. What does
rocky patch
(Para. 1 )probably mean? Problems.
3. According to Robin Simon, men tend to cover up their real emotions.
4. Men tend to deal with problems by abusing alcohol and drugs.
5. Which of the following is true according to the passage?
Men these days are more emotionally sensitive.

阅读理解Passage 16
    The English have the reputation of being very different from all other nationalities. It is claimed that living on……This special use of language is particularly common in English.
1. The distinct character of the English people owes much to the geographic location.
2. The word
inhibited (Para. 2) in this passage probably means “reserved”.
3. What will an Englishman do on entering a railway compartment?
Stay on his own.
4. The English way of commenting on something suggests that the English tend to display less emotion than they feel .
5. The passage mainly deals with the Englishman’s unique character and its reasons.

阅读理解Passage 17

This year, for the first time in

history, more people are working in service trades……workers in Brazil are simply focused on local realities, not global opportunities.

1. Compared with his previous job, Valdir de Santos’s present one is easier but still low-paying.
2. What is the IEO concerned about? Many workers in developing countries are not fully used.
3. According to the ILO report, more earnings may depend on the higher skill levels in services.
4. According to Alan Blinder, service workers not near customers are more likely to face competition from overseas.
5. Which of the following is the proper title of this passage? More People Working in Services Today

阅读理解Passage 18
    Work is a family responsibility. Right now you are benefiting from the work of your family. Your parents have ……your children’s education. But it is my conviction that realization of the importance of work to your family will help you out.
1. The author believes that we should take up the family responsibility.
2. Dean Clark asked the graduating students to bear in mind the support from their family.

3. Upon graduation, students are expected to become independent of their parents.
4. The word “testimony”(Pam. 3) is closest in meaning to “witness”.
5. In this passage, the author intends to highlight the importance of work to family.
     

阅读理解Passage 19
    Experts say over half of the world’s seven thousand languages are in danger of disappearing….. can be found in children and their willingness to learn. It is these young people who can keep this form of culture alive for future generations.
1. Which of the following is true? Half of the world’s languages will possibly disappear.
2. An official language is a language that has a stronger influence.
3. Language is a window to the mind and the world because it contains information about both culture and nature.
4. According to the passage, a language will be better protected when children are interested in learning it.
5. The passage mainly discusses language protection.

阅读理解Passage 20
    The New York Times has reported on a problem that many of us have but are not aware of-Internet addiction (
成瘾). According to reporter ……about you always being online.
1. Which of the following can be the title of this passage? Internet Addiction.
2. According to Tara Parker-Pope, millions of people cannot get rid of their habit of staying online.
3. What does Dr. Elias Aboujaode think of the virtual lifestyles that we are living in? They have a negative effect on real-life relationships.
4. Which of the following is NOT a sign of Internet addiction? Arriving late for important appointments.
5. What does “tech overload” (Para. 2) mean in the passage? Over-absorption in the Internet.

阅读理解21

      A report published recently brings bad news about air pollution. It suggests that it could be as damaging to our health as exposure to the radiation from the 1986 Ukraine nuclear power disaster……fumes (烟气)……Extreme cold or hot weather has a trapping effect and tends to cause a build-up of pollutants.

1. What is the passage mainly about? How to breathe fresh air in big cities.

2. According to the report, air pollution in big cities can be more serious than we used to think.

3. When you walk in a busy street, you should walk on the side where the wind is coming.

4. If you take a bus in a big city in China, you should sit on the right side in the bus.

5. It is implied in the passage that the air pollution on an underground train is less poisonous.

阅读理解22                                                    

    My father had a small business, employing about15 people at any given time. We sold all sorts of dairy products, and many more, from a small store in front of the dairy building…Because of this, Debbie became a loyal and hard-working employee for16 yearsand a friend for life.

1. The small business run by the author's father was quite successful.

2. The author considered Debbie's mistakes as unbearable.

3. When the author's father first mentioned Mrs. Forbush, Debbie thought that she would be punished.

4. The author's father didn't do what the author had suggested.

5.It can be concluded from the way the author's father treated Debbie that encouragement can make people improve.

阅读理解23

    I saw an ad for a device that allows your dog to talk to you. Bow Lingual, a Japanese invention, entered the American market a couple of weeks ago……No translation needed. And you need not be smart or rich to figure that out.

1. We can infer from the passage that sale of "The Dog Translator" in Japan was quite successful.

2. "The Dog Translator" is quite simple and easy to use.

3. What will the author's dog Murphy do at the kitchen door to remind them of her dinner? She will give one bark.

4. What does the phrase "in a row" in paragraph 3 mean? One after another.

5. The author seems to think that "The Dog Translator" is popular but useless.

阅读理解24

    Running late again, I rushed into the Cub Scouts parents' meeting, noting the surplus of empty chairs……den(幼年童子军小队)……those boys only one hour of my time every week, but they rewarded me with their hearts.

1. It is clear that the Cubmaster was disappointed with the situation.

2. The author began to feel guilty when the master talked about the problem.

3. It can be learned that the author was willing to take the challenge.

4. At first the author considered spending time with children difficult but worthy

5. The last paragraph is mainly written to show that our efforts on children are rewarding.

阅读理解25

    They may be one of Britain's most successful exports and among the world's most popular TV shows, ranking alongside the World Cup Final and the Olympic Games opening ceremony in terms of audience……They waved banners saying "fat girls are cool" and "women' s bodies are not for sale."

1. In terms of audience beauty contest shows in Britain are now unpopular among most people.

2. The attitude of Nicola Baker towards beauty contest shows is that these shows are behind the times.

3. In the 60s and 70s, beauty queens were admired by most people.

4. Jacqueline Gold was chosen as the representative at this year's beauty contest because she was judged on her physical appearance other than her qualities.

5. Now the beauty contests can sometimes cause stirs in Britain.

阅读理解26

     My mother was a vocal supporter of physical punishment, but for all her talking she has never hit my sister and me only once……tantrum (发脾气)…...And I didn't, because it left a lasting mental picture more effective than any physical mark.

1. The author's mother was for physical punishment in theory, but seldom carried it out.

2. What happened between Susie and her mother provided the author with a new idea.

3. The author began to misbehave while they were waiting in line to check out.

4. What was the attitude of the other parents toward  the  author's mother? Appreciative.

5. Which of the following is probably the best title for the passage? When the Daughter Was in  Tantrum

    

阅读理解27

     For many years, officials of the National Institutes of Health have told Americans that they need to get enough sleep to stay healthy and perform well…… And they will provide educational materials about the importance of healthy sleep.

1. It can be learned that health officials used to think that children had enough sleep.

2. Which of the following is caused by the shortage of sleep? Lack of self-control.

3. Tired children are different from tired adults in that the latter are more likely to be lacking in energy.

4. Which of the following is NOT the reason for teenagers' keeping late hours? Suffering from sleep disorder.

25. Change in the schools' starting time may be adopted by more schools in future

阅读理解28

    An American inventor, Dean Kamen, says he has invented the world- s first self-balancing individual transport vehicle called the Segway Human Transporter……However, other experts say the vehicle is interesting and could be used in many ways in the future.

1. How can a driver drive the Segway forward? He should lean his body forward.

2. The Segway is a vehicle that is environment-friendly.

3. It is implied in the passage that the result of the Segway testis not yet known

4. Which of the following is NOT the criticism made on the Segway? It moves too slowly.

5. The passage is mainly written to introduce a new invention to the public

阅读理解29

     "Freshman fifteen" is a term which means fifteen pounds, or about seven kilograms the weight students might expect to gain in their first year of college……For many college students, the extra weight they put on in their freshman year can be as hard to escape as term papers and final exams.

1. Paragraph 1is centered on how the "freshman fifteen" gets its name.

2. It is implied that parents play a positive role in students' eating habits.

3. Which of the following is NOT the reason for freshmen's weight gain? They spend more time in their study.

4. It can be said that alcohol is forbidden not only for freshmen but for all students under 21.

5. We can draw the conclusion that weight gain is unavoidable for many freshmen.

阅读理解30

     Writing is not an easy skill. It is both mental and physical……dysgraphia(书写困难)……Students can use the computer spell checker to help make sure every word is correct.

1. Childr, en may be considered to have dysgraphia if their handwriting is unusually hard to understand.

2. Children with dysgraphia may show signs ofthe problem when they learn to write.

3. To treat dysgraphia, the most important thing is to discover the problem in children.

4. All the following methods can be used to help children with dysgraphia EXCEPT allowing other students to write the answers for them.

5. The passage is mainly written for the teachers of the children with dysgraphia

阅读理解31

    Sometime in the early 1990's I was treating a woman in an intensive chemical dependency group……Grace did not drink that day. I would venture to guess that none of the people who came to Gate 12 drank that day either.

1. The author of the passage is a doctor.

2. What was the author's recommendation for Grace after her treatment program was over? She should not start work immediately after the treatment.

3. Grace was overwhelmed by the desire to drink, and decided to do it no matter what.

4. It can be learned from the passage that a member of AA refers to the people affected by alcoholism.

5. At Gate 12, Grace received the help she called for.

 

阅读理解32

    A married couple was in a car when the wife turned to her husband and asked, "Would you like to stop for a drink?"…… Learning the other's ways of talking is a leap across the communication gap between men and women, and a giant step toward genuine understanding.

1. Which of the following words is closest in meaning to "irritated" in Paragraph I? Angry.

2. The woman considered her husband's "no" answer as a(n) direct way to make decisions for her

3. According to the passage, for many men talking is a means to get achievement.

4. By learning the other' s ways of talking, we may keep our disagreements under control.   

5. The passage is mainly concerned with why men and women misunderstand each other in their talks.

词汇和语法

Vocabulary and Structure

1. The size of the castle and its

commanding position still impress

the visitors today.

2. Lee is coming on very well now,

and it’s a matter of deciding how to

fit him into the team.

3. Feed plants and they grow; neglect

them and they suffer.

4. There are many theories that claim

to be able to predict whether you

will give birth to a girl or a boy.

5. The authorities wouldn’t grant us

permission to fly all the way down

to San Francisco.

6. It was only by a great effort of will and courage that he was able to pull himself together.

7. Even though I’m quite a reserved person, I like meeting people.

8. Few people nowadays are able to maintain friendship into their senior years.

9. The necklace has 96 pieces and they are worth, individually and collectively, a lot of money.

10. If you don’t agree with me, neither will they.

11. Although Americans have different views on many issues, they tend to agree on one subject: taxes are too high.

12. His sickness, combined with terrible weather, has completely ruined this long-expected trip.

13. After what seemed to be an endless wait, it was finally his turn to have the interview.

14. The demand made by the workers is that their salaries be increased to cover the increased cost of living.

15. He is, by far, and will be for a time to come, the best basketball player in the history of the game.

16. When we arrived at the airport, we were told our flight had been cancelled.

17. After careful investigation we find that one of the statements has turned out to be untrue.

18. Without the sun’s light warming the earth’s surface, no life could exist on the earth.

19. How close parents are to their children has  a strong influence on the character of their children.

20. It is high time that the international community worked together to fight against terrorism.

21. Poor educational performance is

sometimes related to emotional

disturbance.
22. Researchers sometimes become

frustrated when their efforts

appear to have produced less

obvious results.
23. Once the excitement of watching

TV all day has worn off, holidays

can be boring.
24. It was considered impolite by

many to discuss business on social

occasions.
25. Doctors have decided the only way

he can live anything near a( n)

normal life is to give him an

operation.
26. It is very important for the staff to

dress in something appropriate to

the job.
27. After running through the

numbers in every possible

combination, we finally hit on a

solution.
28. Either he escaped, or he was put in

prison; in any case, he was never

seen again.
29. We should put aside our

differences and discuss the things

we have in common.

30. Seldom did we realize that many of

our hair problems result from

what we eat.
31. Mark needs to travel extensively

with his varied business interests.
32. A country whose birth rate is

higher than its death rate will have

an increasing population.
33. There is nothing about women

giving up careers to look after

children.
34. A recent poll suggested that if

money were not an issue, most

people would prefer not to work

at all.
35. It is worth remembering that even

the most complex scientific ideas

can eventually affect one’s daily

life.
36. The degree to which you maintain

your mental health may depend on

certain simple environ mental

factors.
37. Scarcely had they settled in their

seats in the cinema when the film

began.
38. This project is said to be being

carried out right now and so far

everything is going on quite

smoothly.
39. It is generally agreed that the

Internet has brought people

together more than has any other

invention.
40. Whatever the price, it is a

thousand times worth it.
41. Why are you laughing at me? You

don’t know the answer, either.
42. In order to be back in shape, I

managed to stick to the diet and

keep off sweet foods.
43. I certainly appreciate you bringing

this lovely girl to my attention at

that party.
44. There are more pressing matters to

be attended toat the moment.
45. Had it not been for the doctor on

board the plane, the passenger

could have ended up dead.
46. A crisis like that of 1973-74 could

put one in ten companies into

bankruptcy.
47. That vase is worth one million

pounds now. If only you hadn’t

soldit!
48. There are no vacant seats on this

flight, but there are a few available

on the next one.
49. Technology for text messaging has

been available to the general

public for about a decade.
50. The new policy is meant to force

enterprises and individuals to

adoptenergy-saving measures.
51. The house is too small for a family

of seven, and moreover, it’s too

far away from the city.
52. I believe Eugene Linen’s writings

about animal intelligence will give

you a new perspective on the

subject.
53. My boyfriend bought me a big

dinner to make up for being late

for our date the day before.
54. The little girl did not seem to be in

the least frightened of being left

alone in the dark house.
55. To use the machine, first insert the

proper coins, then select the drink

you want and press the button.
56. Ever since the new movie came

out, the leading actor and actress

have tried to avoid their fans.
57. When we say that we see light at

the end of tunnel, we mean that

victory is in sight.
58. These laws are intended to protect

the people and prevent government

officials from abusing their power.
59. All the movies I wanted to rent

were not available, so as a (n)

alternative I went home and

watched television.
60. Many of the people questioned

refused to answer any questions.

61. We are planning to have our old car repainted next week.

62. How close parents are to their children has a strong influence on the character of their children.

63. Simon doesn't have any problem getting to work at 8:00 in the morning. ?

64. Many companies in smaller cities are offering such great professional opportunities that some graduates have a hard time turning them down.

65. He said we should know the author and his works, but I couldn't remember having read any of those books.

66. Their home is situated within easy access to shops and other facilities.

67. Their home is situated within easy access to shops and other facilities.

68. In the meantime, the question facing the committee is whether such research is worth the costs.

69. It is worth remembering that even the most complex scientific ideas can eventually affect one's daily life.

70. We stored up some food and water in case things got worse.

71. Success does not necessarily mean material reward, but recognition of some sort-preferably measurable.

72. Only when you have earned enough credits will you be qualified to apply for the degree.

73. Not until the mid-1950s did most automakers. begin offering seat belts as optional safety features.

74. Scarcely had they settled in their seats in the cinema when the film began.

75. It was not until yesterday that I knew they are a couple.

76. AIDS is said to have been the biggest health challenge to both men and women in that area over the past few years.

77. The researchers of the project have to be very careful with every part if it is to be a success.

78. Since October 2008 there has been a rapid fall in the volume of exports in this country.

79. By this time next year, I will have graduated, and I will already be looking for a job.

80. At last I decided to pay a visit to my new general manager as soon as I finished what I was doing.

81. From what he had written in his letter, thought that he would be living in London until next year.

82.1 would have come to see you before, but I had been ill.                           

83. If we had gone to the cafe that is outdoors, we would have gotten wet in the rain.

84. If David hadn't wasted his money gambling in Las Vegas, be would go to Canada with us next week.

85. Had the firefighters not come in time, the building would have been burned down.

86.1 wish I were lying in the sun by a swimming pool instead of sitting in this classroom.

87. That vase is worth one million pounds now. If only you hadn't sold it.

88. It is essential that all the reports to be published be checked twice.

89. The House of Representatives proposed that a committee be elected to work out a new law for it.

90. The demand made by the workers is that their salaries be increased to cover the increased cost of living.

91. All Tom has to do this weekend is finish his report.

92. White smoke was seen rising 25-30 meters above the hill as they approached it.

93. Night having fallen, the girl studying in her room switched on the light to do more reading.

94. Viewed from the top of a mountain, the beautiful peak is a magic that captures his emotion.

95. After registering on eBay, a person can search for an item that he or she is looking for and view pictures of the item.

96. Without-the sun's light warming the earth's surface, no life could exist on the earth.

97. After a long walk, we finally found a shelter to say in fort he night.

98. There have been great changes in the country since you visited us last time.

99. Since you suspect something, I may as well tell you the whole truth.

100. While food was rotting in the warehouses, the poor did not have enough to eat.

101. I am reluctant to use the strategy unless it serves a very clear purpose.

102. Call the university operator, and you will find the phone number of Professor Smith.

103. He is rather difficult to make friends with, but his friendship, once gained is more true than any other's.

104. In some countries, what is called "equality" does not really mean equal rights for all people.

105. The young man went in to the cinema around 8:00 last night and after what seemed half an hour he came out.

106. Economists estimate that prices next year will be much higher than where we are today.

107. That life could be found on Mars was once believed by scientists.

108.1 have never been to Italy, but that is the country I'd most like to visit.

109. Do you still remember the house in which you were born?

110. The degree to which you maintain your mental health may depend on certain simple environmental factors.

111. It was a lovely room furnished with large chairs and sofas, a kind of sofas where one might put his feet up.

112. Contact the police and tell the mall that you know about the accident.

113. The girl learned to like the country dances almost as much as Tango.

114. Stop asking questions-things are difficult enough as they are.

115. As it is so close to moon, would you do me the honor of having lunch with me?

116. At the Mayan ruins, we imagined what it must have been like 1,300 years ago when 30,000 people lived here.

117. The temperature in our city can fall to as low as -13°C in winter.

118. The number of the employees in our company is twice as large as that in theirs.

119. The turnover capacity of the harbor has increased by two fifths this year,

120. At last three quarters of the monkeys in the zoo suffer from nutritional problems.

121. Flood-stricken villagers are rescued by a helicopter after the roads were cut off.

122. Clouds reflect much of the sun's heat back into space, making the earth cooler,

123. He owed his success to self-education and a strong desire for achievement.

124. There are fears that higher interest rates could hold back the world economy.

125. The offers is seen as an attempt to improve relations between the employer and employees.

126. We are especially dedicated to maintaining investment to strengthen our production capacity.

127. Scientists are trying to harness the limitless power of the sun.

128. The policemen have tried to identify the cause of the accident one way or another but in vain.                        

129. It has been a long time since we presented this play.

130. Seeing a police man approaching, the driver brought his car to a halt quickly.

131.1 had to keep the video camera ready in case I saw something that needed to be filmed

132. I'd appreciate it_ if you would like to teach me how to use the computer.

133. People get wiser and more experienced with the increase of age.            

134. The way in which such research impacts on us nay not be immediately obvious.

135. The fact that the child was born weak didn’t prevent him from performing well at school.

136. The U. S. Devotes twice as much of its income to universities and colleges as Germany;

137. What bothers me is that I have failed the road test.

138. It is up to the teachers to see that these rules are observed.

139. What he said too complex for me to understand and I got totally lost.

140. What I did was right, and if I had done anything less, it would have been wrong.

141. We are exposed to a large number of chemical pollutants 'in the air, water and food.

142. He must have had something serious for he's been in hospital for three weeks.

143. It's not too late to fix the problem, although time is clearly getting short.

144. The old man hopes to hand down his skills to the next generation.

145. He hesitated for some time before deciding to borrow money from me.

146. Cooperation was more than an attractive option; it was an obligation.

147. Cats are creatures of habit-they seem to appreciate a settled routine in their daily life.

148. The Foundation is holding a dinner at the Art Museum in honor of the opening of their new show.

149. No one knows whether a child's tendency towards fatness is inherited or due to the food he eats.

150. With high speed trains connecting the entire country, many cities are now accessible within a few hours.

151. Mr. Johnson is so shy that he had difficulty making himself known to the audience.

152. It is the teacher who taught me six straight years that I am- going to visit.

153. It is true that a 5-star hotel is very comfortable to live in, but it is beyond our budget.

154. The WHO recommends that all children be immunized against flu.

155. Chelsea and her husband are working on a new dictionary to be published next year.

156-The jeweler's strategy is to convince lovers that he size of a diamond reflects the depth of their love.

157. You could tell from her face that she must be pleased with her new job.

158. We wouldn't be paving so much now if the price of oil hadn't risen so high last month.

159. While Susan is a "people" person, Mary like to be by herself.

160. It is generally considered unwise t give a child whatever he or she wants.

161. As computer systems become even more sophisticated, so too do the methods of those who exploit the technology.

162. I was annoyed by my friend who came late for our appointment but did not bother to ask how long I had been waiting.

163. Some persons enjoy fishing simply for fun.

164. In space, astronauts and equipment need many forms of protection.

165. He said that the medicine the doctor gave him brought relief to his headache.

166. Living things can sense and respond to changes in their surroundings.

167. Minimum wage is the smallest amount of money per hour that an employer may legally pay a worker.

168. Sometimes, artists paint primarily for their own enjoyment or self- expression, choosing their own subjects.

169. Kathy hopes to become a friend of whoever shares her bitterness and happiness.

170. Mary had taken pans to see that her guests had everything they could possibly                                                                                                                                                          want.

171. Most people in the business world were told, when they began their careers, not to let their resume exceed one page.

172. The coat I'm wearing now cost about twice the price of that one hung over there.

173. But for the flood, the ship would have reached its destination on time.

174. Without the sun's light warming the earth's surface, no life could exist on the earth.

175. Radios today seldom need repairing or the attention of a technician.

176. It is a great pity for there to be any quarrel in the school board meeting.

177. Magicians cleverly use techniques from science and the arts to deceive the mind and eye.

178. Sociologists have long recognized that social tensions are normal elements of group life.

179. In the National Zoo we can find a variety of animals that range from large beasts to small birds.

180. To get the best view of Sydney Harbourtake a Sydney Seaplane flight over the Harbour and Bondi Beach .

181. Chocolate manufacturers blend many types of beans to yield the flavor and color desired in the final product.

182. Every plant, animal, and human being needs water to stay alive.

183. It is becoming commonplace to think of sport as a "leisure industry” now.

184. Changes in climate take place slowly through the years.

185. Scientists can predict regions where new species are most likely to be found.

186. You should use plain and natural language when you write a personal letter.

187. To speed up your entry, please bring your Admission Card with you.

188. More heavy rains happen in summer than any other time of the year.

189. A series of attempts having been made, he came to a successful solution of the problem.

190. Manufacturing is this country’s most important economic activity, engaging 17 percent of the workforce.

191. They say the satellite is probably worth more than U.S. $ 30,000.

192. Scarcely had he uttered those words when suddenly the monster was transformed In to a very handsome youth.

193. Her remarks left me wondering how she could have changed so suddenly.

194 Susan will come to watch him play at the state stadium this week.

195. Children don't necessarily understand what they are reciting, but gradually it will have an impact on their thinking.

196. The museum's new building will have three times the exhibition space as before.

197. When you are in your room, don't leave the door open so that thieves will not have a chance to come in.

198. The newly released novel was such as to arouse so much sensation among the young people.

199. Today's popular clothing chains appeal to teenagers, who can be counted upon to change their tastes every 30 days.

200. There is going to be sufficient this for people to assess whether or not we have made the right decision in this time of urgency.

201. The new automobile factory is expected to assemble around 30,000 to 50,000 vehicles annually in the first three years.

202. Within the foreseeable future there may be a major extinction of species, involving from one-third to two-thirds of all the species now in existence.

203. Before long we arrived in a more urban area, where Jim took me to a place called Boston Market.

204. However urgent the situation may be, you will need to make one change at a time, and then move on.

205. People who walk on the grass are liable to a fine of $ 5. 

206. Never shall I forget the day when I met my wife for the first time.

207. Earth is believed to have been hit by an object the size of Mars at some point in the distant past before its surface cooled.

208. The only thing that really matters me is how can I return home without a car.

209. It is unacceptable that a person get punished for an uncommitted crime

210. It was during the morning rush hour that the bomb exploded.

211. The angry old lady didn't know who to blame for the broken glass.

212. In the Chinese mind the Spring Festival is associated with nice food and new clothes.

213. Mobile phones are proved to interfere with flight instruments and have a negative effect on flight safety.

214. Some governments have forbidden cigarette and alcohol commercials in public places.

215. If you try to sell people something that they used to get for free, they aren't going to buy it.

216. Applicants must show that they have $ 10,000 or more available for living expenses and approximately $ 10,000 for tuition.

217. The director often says it is difficult to design a program that will meet the diverse needs of all our users.

218. For all their differences, they are united by the common desire to transform their personal commitment into public leadership.

219. The flooding just ending was exceptionally severe, causing great hardship to the people in the area near the river.

220. The destruction of these historic buildings was a loss for mankind that no amount of money could make up for.

完形填空(Cloze

完形填空1
    Why do leaves change color? To the curious mind, this colorful transformation demands an explanation. What determines whether a leaf will turn yellow or red?
    Autumn colors are part of the process by which trees prepare for the winter. The shorter days of autumn alert the tree’s internal clock to begin cutting off the supply of water and nutrients to the leaves. Each leaf responds by constructing a separation layer at the base of the leaf. This layer - composed of a corklike substance- blocks off any circulation from the leaf to the rest of the tree and causes the leaf eventually to fall off the tree.
    While this process is going on, carotenoids (
类胡萝卜素) begin giving leaves their yellow or
orange color. These coloring matters are usually present throughout the summer, but they go unnoticed because of the primary green coloring matter in the leaves. The red color, on the other hand, comes mainly from anthocyanin
(花青素) , a coloring matter that the leaves do not produce until the autumn. During autumn, the green coloring matter breaks up and the yellow and red coloring matters take center , stage. When there is no green coloring matter left, some tree leaves turn bright yellow and some others take on a brilliant red color.

完形填空2
    Many businesses, associations, and other organizations maintain a library to Serve the special needs of their workers and members. Such libraries fall into the general category of special libraries.
    The library of a newspaper is a special library. So is the library of a bank, of an advertising agency, or of a company that makes airplanes. The New York Times, for example, maintains a special library for the use of its editors and researchers.
    Special libraries range from tiny rooms to huge buildings. Some spend millions of dollars each year providing library services. The contents of special libraries depend on the needs of the organization they support. In fast-developing fields, special library collections may include few books. These libraries may rely Instead on journals, electronic resources, newspaper clippings, and research or government reports.
    Most special libraries focus on helping their users keep up with rapid developments in a particular field of knowledge. Many of these users are professionals who need up-to-date information to make important decisions.
    Most special libraries have little information on general topics. Therefore, special librarians make extensive use of other sources of information, such as on-line databases, government agencies, research libraries, and university libraries.

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Someone has said, “You are never too old for games” So true that is. Age is no barrier to fun and play. Outdoor games take you back to your childhood days. As a child you could hardly keep yourself from hitting the playground, remember? As adults, we become busy in our work routine and fun and play take a backseat. But why not bring out that child in us for a little while! How about playing some fun team games?

Ball games like football, volleyball and soccer are good choices of team games for people, young or old. If you can make arrangements for the sports gear and equipment needed, games like golf or baseball can also be good options for adult team games.
    On looking at these team games for adults, you must have realized that there’s a lot of physical activity involved in most of them, and there’s the small risk of injury or accidents. But falling and standing up again is fun sometimes, isn’t it? So forget all that was bothering you, lock all your worries away, go, be a kid. Play and let play!

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Sunshine is a form of radiation. It is what we take for granted on sunny days and miss on cloudy ones. Sunshine has been associated with happiness, joy and smiles. Cloudy days or no sunshine, on the other hand, are associated with problems, sadness and even death. It has been known since the 1920s that death rates in industrialised countries are higher during the winter months, even in warm climates such as Florida or Queensland.
    Medical research has revealed that there are in fact scientific reasons for these commonly   observed phenomena. Sunshine falling on the skin produces vitamin D and this vitamin is now known to protect against heart disease. Sunshine also appears to protect against breast cancer, and again vitamin D is believed to be involved.

   
There is also evidence that adequate sunshine exposure helps lower blood pressure and that the effect may last up to a week. Sunshine is even a cure for certain types of depression known as “winter blues”.
    Sunshine is free, and a regular dose of a couple of hours a day may be better than an “apple” for keeping the doctor away.

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A German study has found that chocolate may be good for your heart. This is fantastic  news for all chocolate lovers. The extensive research was conducted over eight years. The research team followed the chocolate-eating habits and health of almost 20,000 people. They compared how much chocolate was in their diet to the number of heart attacks and strokes they had. Lead researcher Brian Buijsse said: “The good news is that chocolate is not as bad as we used to think, and may even lower the risk of heart disease and stroke.” Mr. Buijsse said his team found that dark chocolate was the  healthiest kind to eat: “Dark chocolate exhibits the greatest effects, milk chocolate fewer, and white chocolate no effects”.
    The study showed that people who ate the most chocolate reduced their risk of having a heart attack by 27%. The risk of suffering a stroke was cut by as much as 48%. Experts believe that natural compounds in chocolate called flavonols(
黄酮醇)are good for our heart. They are found in cocoa beans, so dark chocolate (which has more cocoa) contains more of them than milk chocolate (which has more fat). Buijsse warns people not to suddenly eat lots of chocolate: “Eating higher amounts will most likely result in weight gain. If people start eating small amounts of chocolate, it should replace something else, preferably other high-calorie(卡路里) sweets or snacks.”

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The English language is, used by more people in the world than any other living language today. This may seem surprising at first. After all, the population of the United Kingdom is one of the smallest in the world. But of course the UK is not the only country whose native language is English; the majority of people in the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand are also native English- speakers However, even if you add up the populations of these countries the total only comes to about 400 million, which is less than one-tenth of the population of the world.

    And English is a language of international business and commerce: It is also the native language of the United States. So, any country wanting, for example, to trade with the United States, or to take advantage of its technology, must be able to operate in English. Also, most scientific and technological developments have been made by English-speaking societies.                              To keep up with such developments, to talk about them in international conferences, or write and read about them in scientific journals and books, scientists, scholars and students must be able to understand English.

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 Actually, over 60 percents of the world's 580 million older people live in developing countries. An increasing number of people in these lands are reaching old age as a result of better health care and improvements in sanitation, housing, and nutrition.

     Older people make substantial contributions by doing work for which they are not paid.   For instance an estimated 2 million children in the United States are being cared of by their grandparents, with 1.2 million of them living in their grandparents’ home. Thus older people provide shelter, food, and education and carry cultural values to their grandchildren while enabling mothers and fathers to continue as members of the work force. Likewise, in the industrialized world, many volunteer organizations would not function with out the contribution made by older people. They are also much - needed care-givers. In some developing countries, where up to 30 percent of the adult population have contracted AIDS, older people care for their infected adult children after whose death they will have to raise their grandchildren.

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Researchers have determined that women use both sides of their brain for listening, while men use only one side of their brain, reports Discovery. Com News. In a study, 20 men and 20 women underwent a brain scan while listening to a tape recording of a book. The brain scans showed that men listened mostly with the left side of their brain, which is associated with listening and speech. Women, on the other hand, showed activity on both sides of their bran. Dr. Joseph T. Lurito, an assistant radiology professor at the Indiana University School of Medicine, says:" Our research suggests language processing is different between men and women, but it doesn’t necessarily mean performance is going to be different". Other studies seem to indicate that women "can handle listening to two conversations at once, but it is hard for men to do so·" says Dr. Lurito.

英译汉Translation

英译汉1 The one most widely accepted today is based on the assumption that drama evolved from ritual. 目前最广为认可的理论认为,戏剧是从仪式演化而来。

英译汉2Those measures which appeared to bring the desired results were then retained and repeated until they hardened into fixed rituals. 有些做法似乎产生了期待的结果,就被保留下来并不断重复,从而积淀下来成为不变的仪式。

英译汉3Those who believe that drama evolved out of ritual also argue that those rites contained the seed of theater because music, dance, masks, and costumes were almost always used. 认为戏剧从仪式演化而来的人们还指出,之所以说这些仪式包含了戏剧的胚胎(元素),是因为它们几乎总是运用音乐、舞蹈、面具和服饰。

英译汉4 Wearing masks and costumes, they often acted other people animals or supernatural beings and imitated the desired effect-success in hunt or battle the coming rain, the revival of the Sun-as an actor might. 它们经常带着面具,穿着专门服饰扮演其他人物、动物或超自然生灵,模仿所期待的效果,比如打到了猎物,打了胜仗,大雨将至,太阳复活等---所有这些都是和演员的表演相类似。

英译汉5 Another theory traces the theater’s origin from the human interest in storytelling. 另一个理论则认为,戏剧起源于人们对讲故事的兴趣。

英译汉6Prices determine how resources are to be used. They are also the means by which products and services……of prices in which everything seems to depend more or less upon everything else. 价格决定资源如何使用。同时,由于产品和服务的供应有限,价格还是在消费者之间合理调配这些产品和服务的一种手段。美国的价格体系是一个复杂的网络,既包括国民经济中进人买卖的所有产品的价格,也包括种类繁多的服务价格,如劳务服务、专业服务、运输服务以及公共服务等。以上各种价格之间的相互关系,构成了整个价格体系。任何一种特定产品或服务的价格都同一个广泛而复杂的价格体系有关。在这一体系中,任何东西同其他东西似乎多多少少都构成相互依赖的关系。

英译汉7I have always wondered at the passion many people have to meet the celebrated.…… but you are stupid if you think that this public performance of theirs corresponds with the man within. 我始终不明白为什么那么多人热衷于见名人。 在朋友面前吹嘘自己认识某某名人,唯一的好处只能是表明自己微不足道。名人们个个练就了一套本领,无论遇见谁,都能应对自如。他们向世人展示的是面具,一张常常是美好难忘的面具,而把真实的面貌小心翼翼地掩盖起来。他们只是表演公众期待的角色,表演多了,终能驾轻就熟。如果以为名人们在公众面前的这种表演就是他们真实的自我,你可就犯傻了。

英译汉8Each society develops a unique culture, or learned way of life, which it hands down to future generations.…..cultural differences can cause serious misunderstanding in international markets.每个社会都孕育了一种独特的文化,即长期养成的生活方式,并代代相传。文化包含了人们共同的信仰、价值观念、风俗习惯以及关于得体行为的准则或规范。我们如何待人接物、看重什么,我们穿什么、吃什么,以及其他各种消费,都深受自身所处文化的影响。广义的文化,就像我们所处的社会阶层一样,已融入我们的生活,因而我们往往意识不到它的影响。但是,一旦我们体验到异域文化,对自身文化不知不觉地接受就会变成一种自觉的认识。这时,我们即开始理解上面所说的各种文化异同。无视这些微妙却重要的文化差异可能在国际上引起严重的误会。

英译汉9We can recognize when behavior lacks common sensehowever, the greater danger is that we have been conditioned by the media to view mindlessness as acceptable. 然而,尽管我们可以看出明星们的表现与常理不符,但更大的危险是,我们已习惯于媒体的引导,认为这种无知并无不妥。

英译汉10The stars of these shows demonstrate to young people-particularly girls-that it is attractive to be dumb. 出现在这些节目中的明星们在向年轻人----尤其是女孩子们-----表明,纯朴无知多么讨人喜欢。

英译汉11Paris Hilton has readily admitted that she is not familiar with common knowledge, including the function of the Walmart stores and the capital city of England. 帕丽斯·希尔顿乐于承认,她不大了解常识,包括沃尔玛是干什么的,英格兰首府在哪里,她都不知道。

英译汉12 These negative examples lead girls to imitate Hilton in order to gain male attention; this begins young-perhaps as early as grade school-and only grows during the teen years. 以上负面榜样使女孩子们为了吸引男生注意而纷纷效仿希尔顿;这种效仿从很小的时候就己经开始-----也许早至小学阶段------到十几岁时只是更进一步。

英译汉13If this cycle continues, our country will be run into the ground in a matter of a few generations! 这样循环往复,不出几代,我们的国家将趋于毁灭。

英译汉14English food has a bad reputation abroad. This is most probably because England are often obliged to eat in the more "popular"……more enjoyable than a meal taken hastily in a business-like atmosphere.英国餐馆的菜肴在海外名声不好,原因很可能是到英国的外国人经常只能在比较‘大众化’的餐馆用餐。在这种餐馆,厨师需要在很短时间内做出很多菜品,因此,这些菜品尽管从营养角度看品质差强人意,但味道必然受到影响。更何况菜品的品种相当单调,菜品的外观并不总能招人喜欢。此外,中低档餐馆用餐的英国人往往都很匆忙----至少午餐如此----而在舒适环境里从容就餐总要比公务环境下匆忙就餐惬意得多。

英译汉15The approximate annual rate of world  is 2 percent. If, staring with a few thousand human beings 5,000 years ago, the human race had experienced a constant 2 percent annual increase, the Earth today would be swarming with people fighting for standing room. 目前世界人口年增长率大约为2%。而假如从5 000年前地球总人口只有数千人时开始,就一直以每年2%的速度增长,则现在地球上已经人满为患,人们会为了立足之地而大打出手。

英译汉16A conflict between the generationsbetween youth and ageseems the most stupid of all conflicts, for it is one between oneself as one oneself as one will be, or between oneself as one was and oneself as one is. 两代人之间的冲突- 即年轻人和老年人的冲突-似乎是所有冲突中最为可笑的,因为这无异于一个人现在与未来、或过去与现在的冲突。

英译汉17The tragic impact of the modern city on the human being has killed his sense of aesthetics, the material benefits of an affluent society have diverted his attention from his city and its cultural potentials to the products of science and technology: washing machines, central heating automatic cookers, television sets, computers and fitted carpets. He is, at the moment, drunk with democracy, well-to-do, a car driver, and has never had it so good. 现代城市悲剧性的影响扼杀了人类的审美观;富裕社会物质方面的好处将人类的注意力从城市及其文化底蕴转向了科技产品:洗衣机、集中供暖、自动炊具、电视机、电脑和定制 的地毯等。现时的人类陶醉于政治民主 ,过着殷实的生活,开着自己的汽车,生活从未如此美好。

英译汉18The rate at which man has been storing up useful knowledge about himself and the universe has been spiraling upward for 10, 000 years. 过去一万年以来,人类在了解自身、了解宇宙过程中获得了许多有用的知识,这种知识增长的速度呈递增趋势。

英译汉19I was just walking out of the local library, having unsuccessfully sought employment there, when I saw a man walking across the road with the obvious intension of talking to me. 我去一家当地的图书馆找活干,无果而返,刚刚走出图书馆,就看到一个人穿过马路向我走来,显然是想和我说话。

英译汉20Indeed, rarely were these regular orders cancelled, and in bad weather they formed a steady source of income. In the evening they solve an awkward problem, as usual selling, even I kept to the customary arrival times, needed some sort of notice to be given that I was outside with the van.    实际上,这种常规订货很少取消。天气不好时,这些订购成了我稳定的收人来源;天黑时,这些订货解决了一个难题,因为通常的零星销售,即使我在人们习惯的时候到达那些小区,也需要想办法让人知道我的冰棍车来啦。

英译汉21A major study found that the positive-thinking among longtime representatives sold 37% more insurance than did the negative-thinkers. Of newly hired representatives, optimists sold
20 more. Impressed, the company hired 100 people who had failed the standard industry test but scored high on optimism. These people, who might never have been hired, sold 10% more insurance than did the average representatives.
  一项重大研究项目发现,在资深的保险销售代表中,性格乐观者比悲观者的销售额高出37 % ;而在新聘人员中,乐观者的销售额高出20 %。有感于此,公司聘用了100 名未通过标准行业测试但性格测试中表现乐观的人,这
 

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